Huge Selection at Great Low Prices. Vitamins, Personal Care and More Purity Over 98.0%. Action Mechanism of Isoquercitrin. In-Stock. Price Matching. Step-by-step Guide. Solubility and Storage Guidelines. NMR/MS/HPLC Certified Quercetin (Qr), isoquercitrin (IQ), and quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (QG) are powerful phytochemicals that have been shown to exhibit disease prevention and health promotion properties. However, there may exist transformations between Qr, IQ, and QG in vivo. And the pharmacokinetic profiles of Qr, IQ, and QG have not been systematically compared Unlike isoquercitrin, quercetin showed double-edged cellular responses depending on the concentration, that is, potent protection at low, and mild toxicity at high concentrations, indicating a narrow therapeutic window. The metabolic transformation machinery of flavonoid converted isoquercitrin to quercetin, contributing to the maintenance of.
. Side Effects for Bioactive Quercetin: When taken in extremely high amounts, quercetin may cause kidney damage (WebMD) ABSTRACT. Absorption and metabolism of quercetin and isoquercitrin (quercetin 3-O-glucose) were investigated in rats after in situ perfusion of jejunum plus ileum (15 nmol/min) for 30 min and compared with those of phloretin and phloridzin (phloretin 2′-O-glucose).After perfusion of the glucosides, the corresponding aglycone forms and conjugated derivatives appeared in the lumen Isoquercetin is also sometimes called isoquercitrin, a nearly identical quercetin-3-monoglucoside. Technically the two are different (isoquercetin has a pyranose ring whereas isoquercitrin has a furanose ring), but functionally the two molecules are indistinguishable
Quercetin and isoquercitrin were mainly absorbed in the small intestine with isoquercitrin being one and a half times more bioavailable than quercetin. Maximal plasma concentration after isoquercitrin treatment was 0.89 (sem 0.07) mumol/l However, although substantial genotoxicity data exist for quercetin, there is very little available data for AGIQ and isoquercitrin. To support expanded global marketing of food products containing AGIQ, comprehensive testing of genotoxic potential of AGIQ and isoquercitrin was conducted according to current regulatory test guidelines EMIQ (Enzymatically Modified Isoquercitrin), Vitamin C: 50 mg, Highly Absorbable: 60 servings: Bioactive version of Quercetin also contains a more potent compound that absorbs better in the body. More on Bioactive Quercetin: Nettle Quercetin. Eclectic Institute, since 1982. $17-$20: 4.4: Freeze Dried Stinging Nettle Leaf, Quercetin Dihydrate. The F value of quercetin was 2.0%, and the F values of isoquercetin, quercetin-3- O -maltoside, and alpha-glycosyl isoquercitrin were 12%, 30%, and 35%, respectively. Thus, alpha-glycosyl isoquercitrin was 3 times more bioavailable than isoquercetin and 17.5 times more bioavailable than quercetin aglycone So, iit is best to use special forms of quercetin that show enhanced absorption and reduced variability. There are three products available on the market that have these characteristics: EMIQ (enzymatically modified isoquercitrin) attaches glucose chains to the quercetin molecule. Quercetin Phytosome® binds quercetin to sunflower lecithin
This brief review will focus on the use of quercetin and its more bioavailable modified form—enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ). Quercetin. Quercetin serves as the backbone structure for many other flavonoids, including the citrus flavonoids rutin, quercitrin, and hesperidin. These derivatives differ from quercetin in that they have. Isoquercetin, isoquercitrin or isotrifoliin is a flavonoid, a type of chemical compound. It is the 3- O - glucoside of quercetin. Isoquercitrin can be isolated from various plant species including Mangifera indica (mango) and Rheum nobile (the Noble rhubarb) Quercetin is a plant pigment (flavonoid). It is found in many plants and foods, such as red wine, onions, green tea, apples, berries, Ginkgo biloba, St. John's wort, American elder, and others. Integrative Therapeutics' research, as well as independent studies from journals such as Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, found that isoquercitrin in this particular formulation was three times more bioavailable than isoquercetin (found in many similar products), and almost 18 times more bioavailable than standard quercetin
Quercetin is a plant pigment (flavonoid) that people sometimes take as a medicine. It is found in many plants and foods. Most studies look at the impact of flavonoids like quercetin within the. Isoquercetin is a polymorphic compound that can be isolated from plants such as rheum nobile, mango, noble rhubarb and sikkim rhubarb. Isoquercetin is the 3-O-glucoside of quercetin. Quercetin is the most abundant flavonoid molecule in the plant kingdom. The quercetin molecule can be found in vegetables, fruits, grains and in the leaves of plants The signal from the SARS-CoV-1 study led researcher Hasan Önal, MD, and co-authors to conduct an open-label randomized control trial in Turkey examining quercetin's role in COVID-19. In the trial. Rats fed with isoquercitrin showed higher levels of metabolites in plasma and other tissues, including the brain, than those fed with quercetin, suggesting that the bioavailability of isoquercitrin is higher than that of quercetin, and orally administered isoquercitrin can be a source of quercetin in the body . DMLE contained approximately 8. Quercetin glucosides, such as isoquercitrin and isoquercetin, have been shown to be much more bioavailable and more quickly absorbed than quercetin aglycone or quercetin glycosides, such as rutin (quercetin rutinoside).1-5 These quercetin glucosides have been shown to be more highly bioavailable than the smaller quercetin aglycone or the larger quercetin glycosides such as rutin (quercetin rutinoside).
Quercetin can be enzymatically released from isoquercitrin and is, thus, absorbed mainly in the small intestine. This results in a relatively high bioavailability of quercetin from isoquercitrin. In contrast, the 3-O-glucorhamnoside of quercetin is not a substrate of lactase-phlorizin hydrolase. Release of quercetin aglycone depends on. Introduction. Quercetin (3,3′,4′,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is a natural flavonoid compound widely found in vegetables, fruits, and nuts. Major dietary sources of quercetin are apple, onions, tomatoes, broccoli, lettuce, and black and green tea .A great number of important biological activities of quercetin have been discovered in recent years by different groups, so interest in giving. Offers 40 times greater absorption than regular quercetin Provides 167 mg of enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), providing 50 mg of quercetin, as well as 50 mg of vitamin C per capsule Prepared using a natural enzyme process that attaches polysaccharides to convert quercetin into a soluble for Like quercetin, both isoquercitrin and AGIQ are reported to have properties potentially beneficial to human health, including anti-oxidant effects (Li et al., 2011, Nishimura et al., 2010, Shimada et al., 2010, Valentova et al., 2014), but offer the advantages of synthetic manufacture and greater utility as food additives while maintaining.
What Do We Do? We Buy, Test, and Write Reviews. We Make Shopping Quick and Easy. We Provide Expert Tips and Advice To Help Make Shopping Quick and Easy According to advanced studies conducted during 2014, both SR-DR80 Rutin 80 and SR-DQ95 Quercetin 95 were found to have a concentration greater than 85% and 95%, respectively. SR-DR80 Rutin 80 has the power to inhibit the formation of free radicals of 8.3% stronger than Rutin to 95% of the other plant marketed by the other company
Isoquercetin (quercetin-3-O -D -glucoside, also referred to as isoquercitrin) is a naturally occurring monoglucoside of the most studied and widely consumed bioflavonoid, quercetin. Placebo Comparator: Placebo Subjects with sickle cell disease. Drug: Placeb Figure 4. Synthesis of quercetin-3-O-ß-D-glucuronide (Redrawn from the source) Bouktaib et al. synthesized quercetin-3-O-β-glucuronide (Figure 4) from quercetin aglycone (compound 1) by starting with the selective protection of the catechol on ring B with dichlorodiphenylmethane to produce a ketal (compound 2).Compound 2 was glucosylated at the hydroxy group in the 3-position and. Quercetin aslında İngilizce berry (böğürtlensi) diye çevrilebilecek doğada yaygın olarak bulunan çalı tipi bitkilerin meyvelerinde yüksek oranda mevcuttur (yaban mersini, ahududu, böğürtlen, altın çilek vs). Türkiye 'de en yüksek olarak bulunduğu bitkiler ise kapari ve selam otudur
EMIQ or Enzymatically Modified Isoquercitrin is prepared by using a natural enzyme process that attaches polysaccharides to convert quercetin, which has poor bioavailability, into a soluble form (Alpha-Glycosyl Isoquercitrin). EMIQ provides the benefits of quercetin with high absorption and superior bioavailability Formic acid, rutin (quercetin-3-O-rutinoside), isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-glucoside), quercitrin (quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside) and quercetin were supplied by Sigma-Aldrich (Germany). The sand used as abrasive material in SSDM was a donation from the local glassworks. It was fractionated, leached with 1 M HCl, washed out with distilled water to.
As sunitinib-induced fatigue is likely to be mediated by inhibition of AMPk function, the investigators hypothesize that isoquercetin, which is hydrolyzed in vivo to quercetin, a known AMPk activator, is able to reduce fatigue in kidney cancer patients taking sunitinib Isoquercetin vs isoquercitrin. I think that the page should be moved from isoquercetin to isoquercitrin, as isoquercetin is a misleading name (compare with quercetin and quercitrin), not even mentioned in the Merck index (14th ed.), Isoquercitrin monograph.—Mykhal 13:12, 21 August 2018 (UTC) Requested move 21 August 201 roles. In conclusion, quercetin bioavailability is subject to substantial variation between individuals, and further work is required to establish if this contributes to interindividual differences in biological responses. Keywords:ADME, interindividual, metabolism, quercetin Introduction Quercetin is a polyphenolic compound of the ﬂavonoid clas Yoko Nagasako-Akazome, in Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease, 2014. 6.4.2 Legume Quercetins. Quercetin glycosides including isoquercitrin and isoquercitrin glycosides, which have one to seven glucoses through the α-1→4 bond, are produced from rutin extracted from legume (Sophora japonica Linnaeus).Rutin hydrolysates were enzymatically added to glucose with glycosyltransferase in the.
.5 mg/kg/week) and vitamin C and B 3 in a murine model of exercise-induced susceptibility to influenza H1N1 prolonged time-to-death (median time to death: placebo 9.0 ± 0.33 vs. quercetin 16.5 ± 1.2) and improved survival (mortality: placebo 74% vs. quercetin 52%) when compared to mice receiving only vitamins. 1. Introduction. Isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (Figure 1) is one of the most common glycosides of quercetin occurring in various fruits and vegetables, and currently one of the most popular flavonoids used in various food supplements with a large number of potential health benefits [1,2].A wide range of biological effects were reported for isoquercitrin, including in vivo.
Detail. Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ) is a highly bioavailable form of quercetin - a flavonoid that exerts significant anti-allergy effects. The limiting factor in quercetin's clinical efficacy appears to be its poor bioavailability, so EMIQ by Natural Factors offers consumers a more efficacious product As a supplement, quercetin is usually in the aglycone form - without a sugar group which is poorly absorbed; it can also be found in the rutin or a glycosidic form. 3 Quercetin glucosides, such as isoquercitrin and isoquercetin, have been shown to be much more bioavailable and more quickly absorbed than quercetin aglycone or quercetin. The lead compound isoquercitrin (ISO), also known as quercetin-3-glucoside, is a glucose-bound derivative of quercetin with many biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic effects Quercetin, a flavonol distributed widely in edible and medicinal plants, has beneficial biological activities in vitro. However, the low water solubility of quercetin limits its bioavailability to exhibit activity in vivo. We evaluated the anti-allergic effects of quercetin, quercetin 3-O-glucoside (isoquercitrin, IQC), α-oligoglucosyl rutin (αOR), and enzymatically modified isoquercitrin. Identical standard curves of isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-Oglucoside; Extrasynthese; Genay, France) were made for quercetin quantification by spectrophotometer and HPLC methods. Maximum absorbancy for isoquercitrin was determined using a scanning spectrophotometer (Beckman model DU530 UV-vis, Fullerton, CA) in 1-cm quartz cuvettes
is converted to quercetin and its metabolites prior to absorption. Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), enzymati-cally modified rutin, and α-glycosyl isoquercitrin are glu-cosyl derivatives of quercetin. EMIQ is manufactured from rutin through enzymatic modification. The enzym-atic treatment increases the water solubility of EMIQ; th Quercetin. Quercetin (Figure 92-1) is a flavonoid that serves as the aglycone for many other flavonoids, including the citrus flavonoids rutin, quercitrin, and hesperidin. These derivatives differ from quercetin in that they have sugar molecules attached to the quercetin backbone. Quercetin is consistently the most active of the flavonoids in. Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 from AK Scientific, in San Francisco, California. Download SDS. For research use only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic use . By itself, and when paired with vitamin C, quercetin can reduce the incidence of oxidative damage to skin and nerves caused by glutathione depletion. This exclusive Thorne formula features quercetin bound to sunflower-sourced phospholipids to enhance its absorption The researchers noted that this form of quercetin, an antioxidant compound found in many plants, including citrus fruits, onions and buckwheat, has been studied for more than a decade
the tested molecules Quercetin-3-O-rhamnoside showed the highest binding affinity (-9,7 kcal/mol). Docking studies showed that glycosylated flavonoids are good inhibitors for the SARS-CoV-2 protease and could be further investigated by in vitro and in vivo experiments for further validation. MD simulations were further performed to evaluate the. Isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-glucoside) is a flavonoid that exhibited many biological activities, including anti- oxidative effect. However, it is unclear whether isoquercitrin has protective effects on peripheral nerve injury. Methods: Mice treated by isoquercitrin were used as a case group, and mice injected with saline was the control group Quercetin is a bioflavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, but highest levels are found in apples and onions.. Like many other bioflavonoids, Quercetin has anti-oxidant, anti-artherogenic, and anti-carcinogenic properties. Quercetin is also neuroactive, with some of the same abilities as caffeine but less potent.. There is a divide between the effects seen in quercetin in in vitro (cell.
Product Description: Alpha-Glycosyl Isoquercitrin provides all the benefits of quercetin with better absorption. Alpha-Glycosyl Isoquercitrin is nearly 18 times more bioavailable than standard quercetin and 3 times more bioavailable than isoquercetin. It reaches peak levels in the bloodstream in just 15 minutes Quercetin, a plant flavonoid widely found in fruits and vegetables, is a potent antioxidant and anti- inflammatory. We recently showed that daily oral treatment with low levels of quercetin decreases oxidative stress, inflammation and prevents progression of lung disease in mice which display typical features of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) Our pilot studies also suggest that. Find Deals on Quercitin in Nutrition on Amazon Isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) is a natural ﬂavonoid that is purported to have anti-inﬂammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-muta-genic, anti-clastogenic, anti-depressant, hypotensive, hypolipidemic and anti-viral properties (Amado et al., 2009; Edenharder et al., 2003
Isoquercitrin provides better bioavailability than quercetin: comparison of quercetin metabolites in body tissue and brain sections after six days administration of isoquercitrin and quercetin (English) Paulke, A. / Eckert, G.P. /. Anti-allergic effects of enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (α-oligoglucosyl quercetin 3-O-glucoside), quercetin 3-O-glucoside, α-oligoglucosyl rutin, and quercetin, when administered orally to mice. Abstract Quercetin, a flavonol distributed widely in edible and medicinal plants, has beneficial biological activities in vitro. However, the. Rogerio AP, Kanashiro A, Fontanari C, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of quercetin and isoquercitrin in experimental murine allergic asthma. Inflamm Res. 2007 Oct;56(10):402-8. Moon H, Choi HH, Lee JY, et al. Quercetin inhalation inhibits the asthmatic responses by exposure to aerosolized-ovalbumin in conscious guinea-pigs. Arch Pharm Res. I'm somewhat comfortable with doing the same for foods that are moderately rich in quercetin (e.g., kale, onions, peppers, and elderberry juice). The one thing that gives me pause is that consumption of the most quercetin-rich food, capers, is high in the countries where COVID-19 has a strong mortality rate: Italy, Spain, France and Iran Mlcek J et al, Quercetin and its anti-allergic immune response. Molecules, May 2016. doi: 10.3390/molecules21050623; Kawai M et al, Effect of enzymatically modified isoquercitrin, a flavonoid, on symptoms of Japanese cedar pollinosis: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial
Quercetin for Leaky Gut. Quercetin is one of the most abundant flavonoids present in our food supply, found in high amounts in onions, kale and apples. ( 3) It is well-known for many things, including its anti-allergy properties, anti-cancer effects, and as an antioxidant Quercetin Boosts Cellular Response to Viruses. Even one death is too many. As I've written in the past, quercetin is a natural antihistamine and anti-inflammatory that lowers your risk for viral illnesses. In a recent paper, researchers identified one mechanism through which quercetin may work to control viral replication and promote health. Quercetin rich herbs like dill, cilantro, and Mexican oregano pose another problem. Sure they're concentrated, but you may be consuming 1 or 2 grams per serving, not 100 grams. This is why the richest natural sources aren't necessarily the best. Even more important is how feasible they are to consume in high amounts Quercetin is a naturally occurring bioflavonoid that is found in many fruits and vegetables (10). Quercetin have multiple beneficial effects such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and protective effects against neurodegeneration (11-14). In addition, quercetin could inhibit neuronal apoptosis due to cytotoxic treatments (14, 15) Keywords: Isoquercitrin, UV Mutagenesis, Bacillus litoralis I. Introduction The ﬂavonol glycoside isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside) is commonly found in medicinal herbs, fruits, vegetables and plant-derived foods and beverages . Isoquercitrin can be obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of rutin with α-l-rhamnosidase
Isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside; IQC), a flavonoid glucoside, is widely distributed among medicinal herbs, fruit and vegetables. IQC has multiple protective effects against DM, cardiovascular disorders and vascular disease ( 12 ) Quercetin and its analogues: whereas a bathochromic shift of λ max vs. pH is observed for the C2-C3 double bond containing compounds. These behaviors are also rationalized and understood by MO analysis. Interestingly, high pH (above 11 for ampelopsin and above 9 for myricetin) induces the formation of a long-wavelength peak arising from. Quercetin, a member of the flavonoid family, gives many fruits and vegetables their vibrant color, and quercetin may help protect against cancer and heart disease, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center 1 2 3.Bromelain, on the other hand, is a mixture of enzymes found in pineapples, and is notably effective in reducing inflammation associated with injuries and infection.
Among them, isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-β-glucopyranoside) has been found to exert cytoprotective effects due to a decrease in oxidative stress markers, such as levels of ROS, protein carbonylation and lipid peroxidation , , , . In the present study, we demonstrate that isoquercitrin induces the formation of long neural processes in NG108-15. Rutin, isoquercitrin and quercetin were used as calibration standards. The analysis was performed using a Thermo Scientific Hypersil C18 column (250 x 4.0 mm i.d., 5 μm particle size), as stationary phase, with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min and detection at a wavelength of 356 nm
Quercetin Side Effects. Generic name: bioflavonoids Note: This document contains side effect information about bioflavonoids. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Quercetin.. Applies to bioflavonoids: oral capsule. Side effects not requiring immediate medical attentio Isoquercitrin and spiraeoside, quercetin glucosides with a glucose moiety at the B4(R1) position or C3 (R2) position, respectively, are produced as rutin is metabolized by intestinal microflora (Fig. 2) . Both isoquercitrin and spiraeoside inhibited 2-deoxyglucose and fructose transport by GLUT2 (Fig. 3A, B). Based on these data, we suggest. Isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside) is a flavonoid compound widely distributed in plants. It possesses various biological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, anti-allergic, and anti-viral activities (Li et al., 2019). Existing studies have found that isoquercitrin exerts a neuroprotective effect on ischemic stroke
Fig. 2. Absorbance spectra (190-500 nm) of isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-glucoside) (Extrasynthase, Genay, France) standard in 80% EtOH. Absorbance maximum of isoq uercitrin occurred at 258 nm in band II and 362 nm in band I. Table 1. Quercetin concentration in onion (A. cepa) entries quantified with the spectrophotometer and HPLC (362 nm) Quercitrin is a quercetin O-glycoside that is quercetin substituted by a alpha-L-rhamnosyl moiety at position 3 via a glycosidic linkage. It has a role as an antioxidant, an antileishmanial agent, an EC 184.108.40.206 [carbonyl reductase ()] inhibitor, an EC 220.127.116.11 (aldehyde reductase) inhibitor, an EC 18.104.22.168 (tyrosinase) inhibitor and a plant metabolite Read Effects of hyperin, isoquercitrin and quercetin on lipopolysaccharide‐induced nitrite production in rat peritoneal macrophages, Phytotherapy Research on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips Chiropractic Economics June 5, 2013. June 5, 2013 — New to the practitioner market, highly bioavailable Alpha-Glycosyl Isoquercitrin is now available exclusively through Integrative Therapeutics. Quercetin is an important flavonoid that provides antioxidant protection at the cellular level. It has demonstrated several beneficial effects on.
.F.I. (Osaka, Japan) from isoquercitrin prepared from quercetin-3-O-rutinoside and sophorin. Isoquercitrin was enzymatically modified with glycosyltransferase to add glucose residues. QGs were produced at >97% purity as measured by HPLC methods In the present study, rutin (quercetin-3-O-β-rutinoside), isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and astragalin (kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside) were identified as the main polyphenol constituents in MAL. Rutin has been reported to have anti-platelet aggregation , anti-inflammatory and aldose reductase inhibitory effects
Isoquercitrin inhibits glioblastoma proliferation through Wnt/β-catenin pathway . Recently, Chen et al., (2018) showed quercetin enhances the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs in ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCC2-overexpressing cells by regulating the FZD7/β-catenin signaling Quercetin Phytosome offers advanced phytosome technology for optimal absorption.* In addition to stabilizing mast cells, it has antioxidant and other beneficial effects Methods: , We investigated the efficacy of enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), a quercetin glycoside, to relieve symptoms of Japanese Cedar pollinosis by three different clinical trials. In either trial patients were randomly assigned to the EMIQ group or the placebo group and took one capsule containing EMIQ plus corn starch or corn. And, in the subgroup of men age 70 or older, angelica increased the first uninterrupted sleep period by 180% vs. the placebo group. This is impressive, because the prevalence of nocturia for men aged 70 and older can range from 50% to 80% or more. No wonder so many older individuals only get a few hours of sleep each night
One CHI (Dca006141) gene was identified and showed no change in Pr vs. CK. Expression of most of the five F3H genes were significantly increased in Pr vs. CK, including 14.8-fold Dca026362, 3.7. The higher antiplasmodial activity of quercetin (logD 2.09) compared to the quercetin glucoside isoquercitrin (logD 1.59) (P = 0.002, paired t-test) could be a result of better cell permeability. Similarly, the flavanone naringenin (logD 2.17) differs from apigenin (logD 2.77) only in the absence of a double bond in the C ring but is much less. Lab studies have also found that the rooibos plant contains flavonoids including nothofagin, rutin, isoquercitrin, orientin, isoorientin, luteolin and others. Quercetin is an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant plant pigment (flavonoid) found in many foods and plants, one of which is rooibos tea. It has widespread uses when it comes to protecting. Mangoes contain compounds such as isoquercitrin, quercetin, fisetin, astragalin, methyl gallate, and gallic acid, as well as abundant enzymes. According to studies, these compounds have antioxidant properties that protect against breast, colon, and prostate cancers. Side Effects. Both fruits have no scientifically proven side effects The objectives of this study were to reveal the anthocyanin biosynthesis metabolic pathway in white and purple flowers of Salvia miltiorrhiza using metabolomics and transcriptomics, to identify different anthocyanin metabolites, and to analyze the differentially expressed genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis. We analyzed the metabolomics and transcriptomics data of S. miltiorrhiza flowers