Home

CMV ulcerative colitis symptoms

Learn about it. The warning signs and the many Faces of it. Go to Website Get to Know The Signs to Assess Ulcerative Colitis Activity. Learn More About the Causes. , Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis & Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. Get Information Infection with CMV is very common. It is spread by saliva, urine, respiratory droplets, sexual contact, and blood transfusions. Most people are exposed at some point, but most of the time, the virus produces mild or no symptoms in healthy people. Serious CMV infections can occur in people with weakened immune systems due to

One of the most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis is severe abdominal pain

Ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary, depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Signs and symptoms may include: Diarrhea, often with blood or pus. Abdominal pain and cramping. Rectal pain. Rectal bleeding — passing small amount of blood with stool. Urgency to defecate Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients are believed to have an increased risk for the colonic reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection due to both inherent and iatrogenic factors. Numerous studies and case reports have described CMV infection as complicating the disease course of ulcerative colitis patients; the existing evidence suggests an association between the presence of CMV infection. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic disease affecting the large intestine, with an increasing incidence worldwide. The initial presentation of new UC is characterized by symptoms of an inflamed rectum, namely, bleeding, urgency, and tenesmus (a sense of pressure). CMV colitis may affect up to one-third of patients with ASUC refractory. INTRODUCTION. Bacteremia involving the portal venous system is well documented in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)[1,2].While studies of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) suggest an increased incidence of portal bacteremia[1,2], the development of liver abscesses in these patients is relatively rare[3,4].Only six such cases have been reported so far[]

Latest Health Trends · Diet and Nutrition Idea

  1. Antiviral therapy in steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis with cytomegalovirus: systematic review and meta-analysis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Nov. 21(11):2718-25. . Maconi G, Lombardini M, Furfaro F, et al. Long-term outcome of inflammatory bowel diseases with cytomegalovirus colitis: effect of antiviral treatment
  2. CMV infection is commonly associated with ulcerative colitis. Predisposing factors are steroid use, older age and female gender, as well as inflammation itself that increases tropism of CMV towards the colon. The prevalence of CMV in ulcerative colitis has been estimated to be about 10 % . Nevertheless, CMV can involve any part of the digestive.
  3. Computed tomography (CT) scan and barium enema are considered the best imaging modalities for diagnosing CMV colitis CT scan may reveal colonic wall thickening Accordion sign may be seen, defined as alternating edematous haustral folds separated by transverse mucosal ridges filled with oral contrast materia
  4. Colitis can be caused by inflammatory bowel disease, cytomegalovirus infection, or a combination of both. Therefore, unlike other patients with compromised immune systems, the diagnosis of cytomegalovirus-mediated colitis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is particularly challenging because the intestine is the organ of interest in both cases
  5. CMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV). This same virus can also cause: Lung infection. Infection at the back of the eye. Infections of a baby while still in the womb
  6. al pain, weight loss and anorexia. The diagnosis of CMV colitis is based on serology, CMV antigen testing and colonoscopy with biopsy. Clinical suspicion should be aroused in the setting of immunocompromised patient but it is much rarer in immunocompetent patient

10 Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms - Common Signs and Symptom

Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms - Colitis Symptoms Treatmen

CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis: MedlinePlus Medical

The link between Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is well known, but the exact direction of the causal relationship is difficult to assess. This uncertainty has a huge impact on therapeutic strategies, such as for the use of antivirals and th Cytomegalovirus is a common infection worldwide and in the immunocompromised individual it can be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In patients with inflammatory bowel disease cytomegalovirus infection has been described in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. A 34 year old man with an exacerbation of his colitis was diagnosed as having both cytomegalovirus colitis. interstitial pneumonia and colitis. These serious symptoms are generally observed as opportunistic infections in immu-nocompromised hosts, including patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and those receiving steroids and/or immunosuppressants. Symptomatic CMV infections in patients with ulcerative colitis are found in patients treated. As said above, CMV could be a cause of colitis. When I was in a bad period and not getting better on meds I was biopsied for it (negative) and antibody tested for it (negative). Good gastro departments in the UK will test for it if people are not improving on immune suppressant meds Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the principal forms of inflammatory bowel disease. Both represent chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, which displays heterogeneity in inflammatory and symptomatic burden between patients and within individuals over time. Optimal management relies on understanding and tailoring evidence-based interventions by clinicians in partnership.

The symptoms of CMV colitis are specific and mimic the symptoms of IBD.7 CMV infection increases the severity of IBD and it is a major cause of severe refractory colitis, making both timely and. CMV infections are generally thought to be opportunistic by immunosuppression. Many literature cases though indicate that CMV infections can be also observed in immunocompetent patients. We present an unusual case of an extensive concentric benign stenosis due to CMV colitis and a case of coexistence with Crohn's Disease, both observed in nonimmunosuppressed individuals Cytomegalovirus Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach (gastric region) or large intestine (colon), caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV), when blood vessels lying on the surface are infected. CMV Colitis is an inflammation of the colon caused by the pathogen cytomegalovirus. The CMV Gastroenteritis/Colitis can spread by sexual contact. Background Concurrent cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an important clinical entity associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Methods A retrospective study of 47 patients with IBD and 61 HSCT patients was performed regarding the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of applied methods.

CMV Colitis. Colitis caused by the cytomegalovirus. Radiation Colitis. Colitis that results from higher levels of radiation directly or indirectly to the area of the bowel, often seen with cancer therapy. Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Seen when tissue in the colon dies. Primarily seen in sick and/or premature infants. Lymphocytic Colitis CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis. CMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV). This same virus can also cause: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can occur in people who have a suppressed immune system. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is a viral. Ulcerative colitis (UC), an inflammatory bowel disease, increases the incidence symptoms of small-caliber stool, tenesmus, and general malaise were noted. Positron emission tomography dis- Two of our patients had CMV colitis con-comitant with colonic lymphoma and had a long-ter

Cmv colitis guidelines Colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease that occurs when the mucous membranes of the rectum or colon become inflamed. This condition leads to ulcers or small ulcers on the affected areas, which eventually cause mucus discharge or bleeding CMV colitis can imitate an Ulcerative Colitis flare. Symptoms range from fever and abdominal pain to haemorrhagic diarrhoea or fulminant colitis. Moreover, it has been associated with steroid-resistant Ulcerative Colitis ( Ayre et al., 2009 ) symptoms are refractory to thiopurines, with only partial response despite on the mentioned treatment. Thus, colonoscopy was scheduled to exclude other causes of persistent symptoms including coexistent cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Clostridium difficile-associated disease. Repeated colonic biopsy showed active ulcerative colitis with concomitant. Colitis is exacerbated in patients with concurrent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed the prevalence and clinical features of CMV colitis in hospitalized IBD patients. A retrospective study reviewed the data from January 1, 1998 through December 31, 2013 compiled at the National Taiwan University Hospital

Begosetal.: CMVinfection in ulcerative colitis <3months 3-6 months >6 months unknown Figure 2. The duration of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) prior to diagnosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV)colitis. Thenumbersrepresent patients, with percentages in parentheses Introduction. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis is mostly found in immunocompromised patients (solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients, patients with human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection, and immunosuppressive drug users, including steroid or chemotherapeutic agents), and it often has a poorer outcome in adults than in children. 1-6 In addition, it is frequently. symptoms, organ lesions corresponding to the presented clinical symptoms, and evidence of virus in the diseased tissue through analysis of blood samples and other bodily fluids [3]. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a non-specific chronic inflammatory bowel disease with ulcers and erosions in the colonic mucosa

Ulcerative Colitis New Topic and a sigmoidoscopy. I had mono/cmv, ulcerative proctitis and CMV. I also had an endoscopy and they discovered I had a healing ulcer in my stomach as well as gastritis. about a month later I had a colonoscopy, I discontinued my Asacol HD bc i am wondering if it is making my gastritis and general symptoms worse Bacterial infectious colitis caused by bacteria (such as shigella, Campylobacter, E. coli, and C. difficile) Viral infectious colitis caused by a virus (such as cytomegalovirus ) Radiation colitis (such as following treatment with radiation for prostate cancer) Ischemic colitis (such as blockage of an artery in the colon by a blood clot

CMV infection, CMV colitis and Ulcerative Colitis 1. Influence of UC medical treatment on CMV reactivation: • The administration of steroids : for at least 3 months at a dose of at least 10 mg was associated with CMV reactivation among UC patients Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory and ulcerative disease arising in the colonic mucosa, characterized most often by bloody diarrhea. Extraintestinal symptoms, particularly arthritis, may occur. Long-term risk of colon cancer is elevated compared to unaffected people. Diagnosis is by colonoscopy Cytomegalovirus can attack different body parts like colon, salivary gland, eye, lungs, kidneys, etc. The connection between ulcerative colitis and Cytomegalovirus has been established for more than half century but still remains a hot topic of discussion. It is still not obvious whether CMV is a contributor or a bystander. Cytomegalovirus can attack colon causing CMV colitis whose symptoms. A 34 year old man with an exacerbation of his colitis was diagnosed as having both cytomegalovirus colitis and hepatitis. The diagnosis was made on the classical appearance of owl's eye inclusion bodies on colonic and hepatic biopsies and, in addition, viral serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the cytomegalovirus DNA copy.

Underlying chronic inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis too can be a predisposing factor, he said. Treatment. As per Mayo Clinic, there is no cure, but there are medications that can help treat the symptoms. The majority of patients with CMV colitis who are immunocompetent may need no treatment with antiviral medications. Colitis — Patients with ulcerative colitis usually present with diarrhea, which may be associated with blood. Bowel movements are frequent and small in volume as a result of rectal inflammation. Associated symptoms include colicky abdominal pain, urgency, tenesmus, and incontinence [ 1 ] After years of worry, Kim finally finds Dr. Maria Oliva-Hemker who helps diagnose her with severe ulcerative colitis and ultimately lives healthy without her.. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic and relapsing intestinal inflammatory condition. It results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum. There are a number of symptoms of ulcerative colitis, primarily abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. When symptoms are severe, ulcerative colitis can lead to serious and even life-threatening complications

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in humans does not usually cause symptoms.1 However, the infection becomes overt when patients are infected by human immunodeficiency virus or treated with immunosuppressive agents.1-3 An association between CMV and ulcerative colitis (UC) was initially reported 30 years ago.4 Since then, however, the significance of CMV infection in UC has not been elucidated. colitis (see Box A on Page 2) 1 Colitis symptoms include abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and blood or mucus in stools 2 Refer to Appendix A for Modified Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 3 Fecal CMV PCR has low sensitivity and poor negative predictive value for the diagnosis of CMV colitis. Consider early colonoscopy in. Infectious colitis is basically the irritation and swelling of the colon (large intestines). Primary symptoms include diarrhea with or without dysentery and chronic inflammation of the colon as can be seen using colonoscopy. Gastroenteritis is also called stomach flu and is caused mostly by food poisoning, viral enteritis or traveler's diarrhea Causes of colitis include: Infections caused by a virus or a parasite. Food poisoning due to bacteria. Crohn disease. Lack of blood flow (ischemic colitis) Past radiation to the large bowel (radiation stricture) Necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns. Pseudomembranous colitis caused by Clostridium difficile infection. Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum. The primary symptoms of active disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood. Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur. Often, symptoms come on slowly and can range from mild to severe. Symptoms typically occur intermittently with periods of no symptoms between flares When CMV colitis occurs in patients with underlying severe ulcerative colitis, it can be difficult to grossly distinguish from ulcerative colitis. So, in severe ulcerative colitis, we should make sure to perform biopsy. It is important to perform the biopsy in the deep portion of ulcer bases and confirm inclusion body [2, 3, 10] Ulcerative colitis exacerbation associated with cytomegalovirus infection YK Yee, SW Wong, ML Szeto There is an increasing prevalence of ulcerative colitis in Hong Kong and cytomegalovirus infection is an important factor in the exacerbation of the disease. We report on a 33-year-old Chinese man with ulcerative between CMV and Ulcerative Colitis in 1961 [5]. Since the first report, it has been suggested that there is a correlation between Cytomegalovirus colitis and Comparing the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis, CMV Colitis, and Co-Colitis Abstract Cytomegalovirus can attack different body parts like colon, salivary gland, eye, lungs, kidneys, etc

Ulcerative Colitis and Cytomegalovirus Infection: From A to

The link between cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and inflammatory bowel diseases remains an important subject of debate. CMV infection is frequent in ulcerative colitis (UC) and has been shown to be potentially harmful. CMV reactivation needs to be diagnosed using methods that include in situ detection of viral markers by immunohistochemistry or b We present a case of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in the context of disseminated cytomegalovirus (CMV) viraemia in a 50-year-old man with well-controlled HIV infection and ulcerative colitis (UC), for which he was receiving azathioprine. Peak CMV viral load was 371 000 copies/ml with evidence of end-organ CMV in the lungs and colon. A bone marrow biopsy showed evidence of.

Papaverine adjuvant therapy for microcirculatoryaids-clinical-research-endoscopic-colitis-ulcerativePPT - Lower GI bleeding therapy: the endoscopist

CMV is a member of the Herpes virus family, and patients with both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are at increased risk of CMV reactivation and colitis. The virus is transmitted through close personal contact; in the general adult population, 40-70% has evidence of prior infection Ulcerative colitis can involve inflammation in the colon to any extent: the rectum alone (proctitis), the rectosigmoid (proctosigmoiditis), left side (up to the splenic flexure), or pancolitis. Common symptoms of colitis include abdominal bloating, pain or cramping, bloody stools, diarrhea, excessive gas, and a constant urge to have a bowel movement. Treatment of colitis depends on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. The goal of the clinical evaluation is to identify the root cause(s) of the problem Learn The Root Cause of Ulcerative Colitis & How to Heal Your Colon With These 4 Nutrients. Reduce Colon Inflammation, Heal Ulcers & Relieve Flare-Ups. Restore Colon Lining no symptoms, primary CMV infection typically is manifested by a mononucleosis-like syndrome with a benign, mild and self-limited course. specific colonoscopic findings in patients with ulcerative colitis complicated by CMV infection determined by CMV antigenemia, the sensitivity of irregular ulceration for positive CMV wa

Common CMV Virus May Cause Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What are the signs and symptoms of cytomegalovirus (CMV

CMV infection was defined as a positive result for CMV IgM antibody and/or qPCR in blood serum. CMV disease was defined by the presence of CMV infection associated with clinical signs, for example, fever, pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, and so on. Due to the absence of a gold standard we defined the diagnosis of CMV colitis by the presence of inclusio The major symptoms of Ulcerative colitis are diarrhoea mixed with blood or rectal bleeding, the passage of mucus, tenesmus and abdominal pain, fever and weight loss (15). In the present case, CMV colitis can have similar manifestation but in the present case, CMV was negativ In the setting of colitis, CMV disease refers to the presence of the virus in the colon in sites of inflamed tissue. 7 Since 1980, 54 cases of CMV colitis in immunocompetent patients have been reported, with an average age of 63 years and a female to male ratio of 1.4:1. 8,9 However, many cases may be underreported, resulting perhaps in an increased incidence Introduction. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes virus known to infect the gastrointestinal tract. The majority of patients are immunocompromised but exacerbations of inflammatory bowel disease and colitis in immunocompetent individuals are well recognised phenomena.1 2 It typically responds well to antiviral treatment with agents such as ganciclovir. . The diagnosis is usually obvious from. CMV colitis may occur under such mucosal conditions and can contribute to poor prognosis, especially in patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis . Recently, a potential association between CMV colitis and drugs treating myasthenia gravis, especially mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been described [10]

A total of 673 IBD patients were hospitalized during the study period. There were 312 patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD) and 361 with ulcerative colitis (UC). CMV colitis was diagnosed as having positive inclusion bodies in colonic tissue Clinical and endoscopic features. Clinical suspicion of CMV viraemia should be directed towards IBD patients presenting with prominent systemic symptoms, especially fever, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, leucopenia and mild hepatitis. 13 However, CMV colitis need not have such features. Iida et al. 10 reported the endoscopic features of patients with UC and CMV 4.2.1. CMV colitis. Refers to the presence of the virus in the colon in sites of inflamed tissue. Within patients with severe ulcerative colitis (UC), CMV disease may occur more commonly in patients over age 55, and in patients treated with steroids. Steroids produce suppression of CMV-specific T-cell function Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease, but its causes are normally due to infections from bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungus. The term colitis refers to the main symptom, which.

Video: Approach to cytomegalovirus infections in patients with

Kolitis - Facharztwissen

Cmv Colitis: Device: CMV IgM, IgG in blood real time PCR for serum CMV DNA . Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the colonic mucosa characterized by recurrent attacks of bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and mucosal ulceration that often requires long-term therapy to maintain remission (Fefferman and Farrell 200 Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the major types of inflammatory bowel diseases and is associated with a significantly increased risk of not only lymphoproliferative disorders but also lymphomas, of which most cases are related to the long-term usage of immunosuppressants. Here, we demonstrate a very rare case of other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated colonic diffuse large B-cell. symptoms were no more present (Figure ). In the second case, a -year-old man with Crohn s onset of CMV colitis and ulcerative colitis in an immunocom-petentpatient:acasereport, WestIndianMedicalJournal ,. [] L. Shahani, CMV infection complicating the diagnosis o I am currently rounding on our hospital inpatient inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) service and over the weekend I accepted an outside hospital transfer patient, a 73 year old female with moderately severe steroid dependent pan ulcerative colitis (UC) with superimposed cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis

Cytomegalovirus Colitis - PubMe

CytoMegaloVirus (CMV) infection impairs evolution of Ulcerative Colitis (UC) leading to more severe and resistant to immunosuppressive therapies flare-up. CytoMegaloVirus (CMV) reactivation is assessed by the quantification of the CytoMegaloVirus (CMV) DeoxyriboNucleic Acid (DNA) load by real-time PCR (qPCR) in colonic biopsies; this assay is. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease that affects your large intestine, causing irritation, inflammation, and ulcers in the colon. Learn more about the symptoms, causes.

Human herpesvirus 5

CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis Information Mount Sinai

Flexible sigmoidoscopy: A flexible sigmoidoscopy (sig moi-DOS-kuh-pee) is an exam used to evaluate the lower part of the large intestine (colon). During a flexible sigmoidoscopy exam, a thin, flexible tube (sigmoidoscope) is inserted into the rectum Again, symptoms are usually non-specific, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, malaise, rectal bleeding, and weight loss. However, hematochezia and diarrhea are the most frequent symptoms. It is difficult to distinguish between ulcerative colitis from CMV colitis based on clinical presentation cases (37.5%) and CMV-IgM was positive in 13 cases (20.3%). CMV colitis was diagnosed in 39 cases (60.1%) based on identification of characteristic intranuclear or intracellular inclusion bodies on H&E sections and/or identification of CMV-specific antigen by IHC. In the active CMV infection group, the male/femal Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ulcerative colitis, UC and Crohn's disease, CD) Any patient admitted for their inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) should be managed by the gastroenterology/IBD team. This guideline is to be used as first steps of management until specialist review is available

Ulcerative Colitis and Cytomegalovirus Infection: From A

Ulcerative Colitis. Can reduce signs and symptoms, induce and maintain remission, promote intestinal healing, and reduce or stop the need for steroids in adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who haven't responded well to other therapies Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis tients with ulcerative colitis (UC) complicated by cyto-megalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS: Among UC patients who were hospitalized due to exacerbation of symptoms, colonoscopic findings were compared between 15 CMV-positive patients and 58 CMV-negative patients. CMV infection was deter-mined by blood test for CMV antigenemia. Five aspect The major symptoms of Ulcerative colitis are diarrhoea mixed with blood or rectal bleeding, the passage of mucus, tenesmus and abdominal pain, fever and weight loss [15]. In the present CMV was negative in blood and PCR so CMV colitis was ruled out from the differential diagnosis. In the present case, treatment Guidelines was followed Accordin

World&#39;s Best Ulcerative Colitis Stock Pictures, Photos

Cytomegalovirus Colitis - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Remicade (infliximab) is a prescription drug used for some autoimmune diseases. It's given as an infusion. Learn about side effects, antibodies, cost, and more In case group; one patient (2.9%) had anemia, Colonoscopic findings revealed 5.7% of the cases and one patient (2.9%) had CMV (Cytomegalovirus) colitis, 20% of the controls had mild mucosal inflammation. one patient (2.9%) had diabetes mellitus and hypertension, Moderate inflammation was seen in 31.4% of the cases and one patient (2.9%) had HBV. The most common type of colitis is ulcerative colitis. With this type, ulcers or sores develop in the stomach. If a person with CMV develops symptoms of colitis, they should contact a doctor. In addition, CMV infections have been known to complicate the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially ulcerative colitis (UC).2 It has been reported that the involvement of CMV infection simultaneously in the stomach and colon is extremely rare in UC. Therefore, we report, with literature review, a case in which CMV gastric ulcer. Ulcerative colitis. Depth of inflammation. May be transmural, deep into tissues. Shallow, mucosal. Distribution of disease. Patchy areas of inflammation (skip lesions) Continuous area of inflammation. Terminal ileum involvement. Commonly

with ulcerative colitis. If the ulcerative colitis is getting worse or is not responding to treatment, CMV infection may be suspected. Treatment with ganciclovir (Cytovene) is effective in most people Cytomegalovirus (CMV), which belongs to the group of human herpesviruses, can cause colitis in immunocompromised patients [3]. Parasitic organisms - Entamoeba histolytica is the causative agent of Amoebic colitis, an intestinal protozoan that is the most common cause of parasitic colitis INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE ULCERATIVE COLITIS 1. IBD-UC PART - 1 PRESENTER:DR.ABHINAV KUMAR 2. DEFINITIONS • Ulcerative colitis — Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by relapsing and remitting episodes of inflammation limited to the mucosal layer of the colon Cytomegalovirus Ulcerative colitis Polymerase chain reaction 1. Background Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of the herpesviradae family which also includes Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, and herpes virus 6, 7, and 8 [].The virus is transmitted through close personal contact with body fluids, including blood, urine and saliva, also cytomegalovirus infection.